A. Step1: Preparing the materials and tools
Collect all materials and tools to the working are. Ensure all the tools are in proper working condition before beginning the building process. For materials with excess lengths, such as beams, cut them to required standards. It is important to have a detailed drawing of the roller compactor at this point for guidance. Treat all the steel elements as required and paint the small parts in advance before assembly.
B. Step2: Construct the frame
Weld or fasten the beams together to form a sturdy and balanced frame. Ensure proper alignment and reinforcement, considering the dimensions and weight of the roller compactor. Provide points where an additional weight can be placed whenever need be.
C. Step3: Build the compaction drum
Obtain a steel drum of the desired size. Prepare the drum by cleaning and ensuring it is free from any debris or contaminants. Attach brackets to the drum for mounting the axle. Fill the drum with the chosen weighting material, such as water or sand, to achieve the desired weight.
D. Step4: Assemble the drum onto the frame
Bolt the bearings onto the frame as indicated in the design drawing. Bring the frame over the drum with each bearing on one end of the drum. At this point, use a spirit level to check if the drum is perfectly horizontal.
E. Step5: Install the bearing and axles
Attach the axle to the mounting on the drum and the bearing on the frame; this should be done on both ends of the drum.
F. Step6: Attach the handle and control mechanism
Attach handles as instructed on the design drawing. Adding rubber cover to the handles improves the comfort of the operator. If the roller frame has tires, an independent tire steering should be installed for maneuverability.
G. Step 7: Test and make necessary adjustments
Run the roller compactor over different kinds of material to determine its compaction efficiency. The roller should also be operated in different space conditions and terrains to test its maneuverability.