As earlier mentioned, this article will focus on non-mechanized dirt tamping methods. These dirt tamping methods involve the use of crude tools and human effort to attain results. Although they are common, non-mechanized dirt tamping is effective for small-scale projects. Some of the common dirt tamping methods without using a tamper are outlined below.
Using a piece of wood or board
This is one of the most common non-mechanized dirt tamping techniques. The only material needed for this method is a piece of flat food or board and a weighted object. The piece of wood or board should be strong enough to sustain the weight exerted on it. The board should cover significant area for effective compaction. Body weight can be used in absence of a weighted object.
With this method, all you need to do is place the piece of wood or board on the dirt to be compacted then step on it or place the weighted object. Repeat this process moving the board from one place to the next and repeatedly applying the weight until the desired result is attained.
Using a heavy object
Dirt tamping requires application of force or pressure. One way to achieve this is using a heavy object with relatively flat surface. The object should be design in a way that is does not distort the geometry of the surface under compaction.
With this method, the heavy object is lifted then dropped on the surface under compaction in a repeated sequence. The object can be lifted with the help of a crane if it is too heavy for human strength. This method is effective in soils that are non-toxic as it requires cleaning the heavy object after every drop.
Using your feet
This method entirely depends on human effort and body weight. Dirt tamping using your feet is applicable in extremely small portions of soil where minimal compaction is required. Dirt tamping using your feet is only applicable in non-toxic environments. While compacting the soil, you should wear protective gear such as safety boots and an overall to avoid getting dirt on yourself.
Dirt tamping using your feet involves repeatedly stepping on the soil with one or both feet. This is done until the soil attains the desired density.